Dian Hong Zi Juan Purple Beauty (滇红紫鹃) is a ‘purple’ black tea from Yunnan Province in China, but unlike the wild and naturally occurring purple leaf varietals of Yunnan, this has been developed by the Yunnan Tea Research Station in Xishuangbanna in the late 1990’s. This tea is grown in the Jing Mai mountain area located in Lancang Lahu Autonomous County of Yunnan Province and this particular crop is from the April 2018 harvest.
This tea is a black version of our Zi Juan Purple Beauty green tea.
‘Zi Juan’ (紫娟) is still a rather uncommon varietal in Yunnan. Unlike the other wild purple leaf varietals there, which grow either wild or semi-wild, this cultivar was developed for plantation growing. In such case the bushes are trimmed shrubs rather than full sized trees, making the picking much easier. Unlike the other purple leaf varietals of Yunnan, where the colour of the leaves on wild growing trees is changeable depending on the environmental conditions, and any one tree will only have a limited amount of purple buds, these Zi Juan Purple Beauty cultivar plants are specifically selected for the amount of purple leaves they produce. And unlike the wild counterparts that tend to have only purple buds, this cultivar produces purple buds, leaves and stalks, giving a higher yield.
The origin of this cultivar lies in a combination of trees from two famous tea areas of China: Wu Yi Shan and Yunnan. Both have naturally occurring purple bud varietals. The ones in Wu Yi Shan have been known for a particularly high anthocyanin level, resulting in the purple colour of the leaves but also lending the tea a bitter flavour. With time, the Wu Yi Shan purple bud cultivar was altered by the tea growers through selection to produce a better yield and a more hardy plant. This also resulted in diminished bitterness and that varietal is utilised to make some exceptional Wu Yi Shan oolong teas. The Zi Juan Purple Beauty cultivar is a hybrid of the specially selected Wu Yi Shan purple leaf cultivar and the local Camellia sinensis var. assamica.
This Dian Hong Zi Juan Purple Beauty black tea has dark twisted leaves with a fruity aroma. The liquor has a rich amber colour with an aroma of dried fruits. The flavours of are light and smooth with a fruity and honey character. There are notes of prunes and apricots as well as some roasted metallic stoniness on the aftertaste. This is a light black tea with a fresh flavour that does not have the usual malty notes of Yunnan black teas.
This purple black tea is best brewed with at 90c for 3-4 minutes and can be brewed multiple times.